Orthodontic surgery is a surgical intervention used to correct the bite and jaw shape. It is employed to address significant dentoalveolar anomalies that cannot be fully corrected with orthodontic treatment alone. The main objective of orthodontic surgery is to achieve a harmonious bite and improve the functionality of the jaw and facial region.
Indications for orthodontic surgery include severe bite anomalies, skeletal jaw defects, and facial asymmetry. However, there are contraindications, such as general medical conditions or unsuitable conditions for surgical intervention.
Treatment with orthodontic surgery is carried out in collaboration between orthodontists and orthodontic surgeons. It involves preparing the dental arches and placing orthodontic appliances, followed by the surgical intervention to correct the skeletal structure or jaw shape.
Orthodontic surgery can have positive effects, such as improving the bite, aligning the teeth, correcting facial anomalies, and enhancing self-esteem. However, patients may experience temporary side effects, including swelling, bruising, and discomfort after the operation.
There are several types of orthodontic surgery, including jaw surgeries, alveolar support surgeries, and surgeries to correct bite anomalies. The specific type of surgical intervention depends on the individual case and the required corrections.
It is important to consult with orthodontists and orthodontic surgeons to assess the indications and contraindications of orthodontic surgery and to choose the optimal treatment plan.